Glossary

A - H , I - R , S - Z

ARCH SUPPORT
The part of insole constructed to support the foot's metatarsal arch. Can be inserted into shoe separately.

ASYMMETRICAL LACING
The laces are positioned to the lateral side of the foot. Which makes the striking area larger and flatter. Also reduces the risk of injury to sensitive areas of the foot.

BACKING
Fabric laminated to the inside of the casing material to give it strength and rigidity. One or more layers found beneath the covering of a call - important for shape retention .

BLADDER
Located at the heart of the ball, this is the balloon which holds the air and gives the ball its bounce.

BLADE/STUD CONFIGURATION
The pattern of studs or blades on the cleated outsole. Different manufacturers use different configurations for optimum traction on different surfaces.

BLOWN RUBBER
Rubber formed with the addition of air. It is considerably lighter than solid rubber and offers a softer, more cushioned landing.

BOOTS
A commonly accepted term for soccer footwear.

BRUSHED POLYESTER
A polyester weave that is actually brushed after the weaving process is complete, giving the fabric a soft, lush feel - and extra warmth/comfort.

BUTYL
A synthetic material which possesses many of the same properties as latex rubber, while offering better durability and longer air retention.

CALFSKIN
Offers more durability and stretch resistance than kangaroo, but takes some time to mold to the foot. Great for overall performance and dependability once it is broken in.

CARBON RUBBER
Rubber formed with the addition of carbon. It offers a more durable, scuff resistant exterior.

CASING
The outer covering of a soccer ball.

COTTON FLEECE
Usually comprised of either 100% cotton or a cotton/polyester blend. This fleece, usually in the form of a pullover or a zip, is designed to be an extra layer of warmth when training or warming up. Tight weave traps warm air close to body.

DENIER
Refers to the yarn size of man made fibers. Simply explained the greater the denier number the thicker the yarn size resulting in a heavier fabric which is often stronger.
Example:
210 Denier or 210D nylon is the standard in the bag industry and is typically for value inspired styles.

DIRECT INJECTION
A construction method by which the sole (made of rubber, PVC or other moldable material) is molded directly onto the upper.

DUAL DENSITY OUTSOLE
An outsole which uses two different densities of a material (usually nylon or polyurethane) to achieve two different purposes: lower densities are used for cushioning and flexibility, while higher densities are used for rigidity and durability.

DUAL INJECTION
Process by which many dual-density molded outsoles are formed. One element is injected through the other, providing an unsurpassed bond between the two.

EVA
A microcellular midsole material lighter and more flexible than rubber. Used to offer additional cushioning.

FIBERGLASS
A versatile material used in many shinguards. Made of finespun filaments woven into a yarn and then pressed into hard layers.

FLEX GROOVES
Anatomically designed grooves that provide forefoot flexibility.

FULL-GRAIN LEATHER
Also referred to as calfskin leather, this is the most common leather on mid- to high-end boots. Needs some breaking-in time to soften, depending on the quality of leather, but is very durable and comfortable afterwards.

GUM RUBBER
Used on most indoor outsoles. Provides grip on flat surfaces. Most gum-rubber is non-marking, which means that colors will not rub off onto gym floors or other surfaces.

GUSSET
Inner mesh lining in some shorts and small pieces of material inserted into gloves to help improve the fit. Usually used on the side portions of the fingers, as opposed to the fronts or backs.

RETURN TO TOP

INSEAM
The measurement, on the inside of the leg, from the bottom of the shorts or pants to the middle seam (where both legs meet).

HDPE
High density polyethylene.

INSTEP
The top of the foot, approximately in the area of the middle edge of the laces. Used for striking the ball with power.

LAST
A foot shaped mold around which shoes are built. The shape of the last determines the fit of the shoe to the foot.

POLYURETHANE COATED NYLON
Nylon fibers that have been treated with polyurethane, giving the garment high water and wind resistance.

PU
Polyurethane. A versatile synthetic material (a dense foam) which is used in many ways. Used in the outsoles of boots to provide excellent cushioning and durability. Also used in ball coverings to provide good touch and feel.

PVC
Polyvinyl Chloride. Like PU, a multi-purpose synthetic material. Provides excellent durability across the board. Examples: boot uppers and ball coverings.

REPLICA
Authentic, authorized reproductions of jerseys and other gear from top clubs around the world. Legally, these must be referred to as "replicas," though in some cases they are the same jerseys players are wearing.

SIDE VENT
A V-shaped cutout on the outside of shorts legs. Helps prevent tears or "blow-outs." Also aids with ventilation.

SOCKLINER
The layer of rigid and flexible materials which comes into direct contact with your foot.

SUEDE
A soft, stretchable leather finished with a nap surface created through meticulous abrasion. There are also synthetic materials simulating suede.

SUBLIMATED
When a logo or design is part of the weave of the fabric. The image is in the fabric.

TEAR-AWAY PANTS
These pants feature snaps down waistband and sides of the legs allowing them to be taken off quickly and without pulling them off over the wearer's shoes.

TIBIA
The shinbone; the primary object of protection for shinguards.

TOE BOX
Front portion of the shoe where the toes fit.

UPPER
The leather portion of the shoe located above the outsole where the foot is housed. It is the uppers which make contact when striking the ball.

WAND SYSTEM
A type of shin guard design. Utilizes a shock dispersal system consisting of multiple tubes, or wands, to provide protection in collisions.

WATER RESISTANT LEATHER
leather treated to resist the absorption of water. Boots were once heavily greased to resist water, but today a number of tanning treatments exist.

WICKING
A process by which sweat is moved away from the body to the surface of the garment to evaporate. Materials with wicking properties are frequently used in jerseys and shorts. Most manufactures now have a wicking material (Nike's Dri-FIT, adidas Climalite, etc.)